Advaitam and Science

OM, Purnamata purnamitam purnat purnamutachyate, purnasya purnamataye purnamevavasishyate – Bri.Up V.i.1



Sound has the power to create and destroy this creation.  Sound is the subtle tanmatra from which the gross space emerged.  There are different levels of sound vibration in space.  Some of them are perceived by human beings, some by animals, and some by birds and so on.  Some people can perceive very subtle and high intensity sound vibrations.  They have trained their mind for higher concentration and have yogic powers.  They are called Rishis or sages.  In ancient period, these sages were able to perceive very subtle and high vibration and they were able to record it in their mind.  These sound vibrations are of three pitches (svaras).  The three pitches are the high pitch (svaritha), the middle pitch (udatha) and the low pitch (anudatha).  Later, the Rishis substituted these sound patterns with the letters of Sanskrit language that match these sound vibrations.  Only the vibration of the Sanskrit language can match the vibration of these sounds.  Vedas are originally these sound patterns and the sound of the Veda is known as vaidhika basha.  Analysing the Vedic sound is called sabdha sastra.  Later the Rishis converted the sound of the Veda into sanskrit language and thus the Vedic mantras are in sanskrit language.  In the Vedic texts, Vedic mantras have a small line below some letters, which implies the low pitch.  Some letters will have a small line above them, which implies the high pitch and some will not have any line, which implies the middle pitch.  Some letters will have two lines on top or bottom of the letters, which implies the dhirgha, meaning the duration of chanting, which is based on the matras.  These rules must be strictly followed while chanting the Vedic mantras.  That is why it is said that the tone and pitch of the mantras are more important than the pronunciation.  Vedic mantras are important for its sound. 

Each letter in sanskrit has its own energy, like colour, form, force etc.  When you chant a mantra combining different letters, a particular energy is formed, which is connected with the devata or deity.  When you pray to that energy that energy will influence and transform our weak energy in to positive energy and our wish gets fulfilled.  This is how a mantra works generally.   


It is said that sage Panini lived in the 4th century BCE, in a small village called shalatula, which is now in Pakistan.  He was a dull and illiterate son of a great scholar called Pani.  By the advice of his father he meditated on Lord Shiva.  In his meditation, he was able to perceive fourteen crude sound patterns.  These fourteen different sound patterns are called the maheshwara sutras.  It is said that these fourteen different sound patterns emerged from the damaru of Lord Shiva.  At the end of the cosmic dance, Lord Shiva rattled his damaru fourteen times in order to bless the Sanaka sages.  This was recorded in the space and when sage Panini meditated on Lord Shiva he was able to perceive that sound.  There is a definite sound pattern behind the organization of these sutras.  Sage Panini formed the varna mala (alphabet sequence) of the sanskrit language based on these sutras.  All the vowels and the consonants of the sanskrit language can be found in the fourteen sutras.  Sanskrit language emerged from the maheshwara sutras.   Maheshwara sutras are also known as “akshara samamnaya” (recitation of phonemes).  Sage panini has mentioned about the maheshwara sutras in his famous work Ashtadhyayi, book of eight chapters.  It is a sanskrit grammar rule book.  There are nearly 4000 sutras in ashtadhyayi.  It is the only grammar book which is followed for more than 2500 years.  All the modern books in sanskrit grammar are based on Ashtadhyayi.  The fourteen maheshwara sutras are,

Aiun, rlrk, eon, aiauch, hayavarat, lann, namangnanam, jhabhai, ghadadhash, jabagadadash,

Khaphachatathachatatav, kapay, sashasar, haul.

These are the fourteen very crude sound patterns which were perceived by sage Panini during meditation, and they emerged from the damaru of Lord Shiva.  Sanskrit language emerged from the maheshwara sutras.  Maheshwara sutras are also known as Shiva sutras.


Sanskrit phonemes (sound) closely relate to the energy centers in the human body.  There are nearly 72,000 nadis (energy centers) in the subtle body.  Each point has a distinct sound vibration that matches the sanskrit letters.  At some points two energy currents intersect and that point is known as sandhi.  At some points three energy currents intersect and that point is known as marma sthana.  At some points three or more energy currents intersect.  These points are known as chakras.  There are nearly 108 chakras in the subtle body.  Among them seven are very important.  All the intersecting points can be accessed by touching the corresponding points in the gross body.  If one maintains the seven chakras then all the chakras can be fine. 

Where there is energy there will be sound.  At the center of each chakra a sound predominates and other sounds are centered on it.  Each chakra is represented by a sanskrit letter corresponding to that sound.  When we pronounce that particular letter, that chakra gets activated.  Thus, the predominant sound of the muladhara chakra is  Lam, swadisthana chakra is Vam, manipuraka chakra is  Ram, anahata chakra is Yam, visuddhi chakra is  Ham, ajna chakra is Aam, sahasrara chakra is Om.  Each chakra can influence some organs in the gross body.  When a letter of a particular chakra is pronounced that chakra is activated by that letter.  Then the organs connected with that chakra get healed.  However, when you chant the maheshwara sutras the entire body can sense its vibration and all the organs are benefited by it.  When we chant the maheshwara sutras all the nadis and chakras get the healing vibration. 


Beej mantras are sanskrit consonants.  They manifest high energy.  These mantras do not have any particular meaning, but when chanted they connect us to the different planes of existence.  Each deity has a particular beej mantra.  In fact, it is the direct address to that deity which is represented by that beej mantra.  They work in the unseen planes of the universe.  Beej mantras are the call of the soul to that plane of existence or deity or saguna Brahman.  It is said that when the universe emerged, the power of that particular sound created that plane of existence.  These sounds are detected as beej mantras.  Different vibrations of sound were produced during cosmic evolution.  Sanskrit aksharas (letters) resemble the sound of different planes of this universe, hence sanskrit language is said as the deva basha and it is a powerful language.  Sanskrit language is said as imperishable because its close sound vibration always exists in space.


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